Northwest History Library

An archive of historical, archaeological, and cultural resource management documents. The library includes links to pdfs of documents provided by authors or available under US copyright laws. If full copies of documents are not available, links to purchase/preview the reference are provided. Send recommendations to

This custom google search will search digitized northwest history texts:

Geology & Natural Resources













Franklin, Jerry, and C. T. Dyrness

1988 Natural Vegetation of Oregon and Washington. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-8, Portland.

Kruckeberg, Arthur R.

1991 The Natural History of Puget Sound Country. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Google Earth

2019 Google Earth Pro

Natural Resource Conservation Service

n.d. Web Soil Survey.

University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources

n.d. SoilWeb.

Washington State Department of Natural Resources

n.d. Washington Geologic Information Portal.

Washington State Department of Natural Resources

n.d. Washington LiDAR Portal.

Werth, Andrew

n.d. Virtual Munsell Color Wheel.

Thurston County History

Historical Maps & Aerial Imagery










Historic Map Works

n.d. Washington Historical Maps and Atlases.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

n.d. Historical Map and Chart Collection.

Washington State Department of Ecology

n.d. Shoreline Photo Viewer.

United States Geological Survey

n.d. The National Map Download Client.,ustopo&title=Map%20View#startUp.

United States Geological Survey

n.d. Historical Topographic Map Explorer.

Thurston County History

Native American Ethnography & History


Dailey, Tom

n.d. Coast Salish Villages.

Lane, Robert Bockstedt and Barbara Lane

1999 Chehalis River Treaty Council and the Treaty of Olympia. Institute for the Development of Indian Law.

Ruby, Robert H., John A. Brown, and Cary C. Collins

2010 A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

Smith, Marian W.

1940 The Puyallup-Nisqually. Columbia University Press, New York, NY.

Spier, Leslie

1936 Tribal Distribution in Washington. General Series in Anthropology, Number 3 George Banta Publishing Company, Menasha.


Swanton, John R.
1952 The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 145. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Waterman, Thomas Talbot, Vi Hilbert, Jay Miller, and Zalmai Zahir

2001 sda?da? gweł dibeł lešucid ?acaciłtalbixw Puget Sound Geography. Lushootseed Press, Federal Way, Washington.

Wright, Tim

n.d. A History of Treaties and Reservations on the Olympic Peninsula, 1855-1898. Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest, University of Washington.

Thurston County History

Historic Artifact Identification & Historic Architecture



Radford, William A.

1907 Radford's Practical Barn Plans. Radford Architectural Company, Chicago, IL.

Thurston County History

Thurston County History



Newell, Gordon

1950 So Fair a Dwelling Place: A History of Olympia and Thurston County Washington. h

Thurston County History

Early Northwest History





Bancroft, Hubert Howe

1886 History of Oregon. The History Company, San Francisco, CA.

Carey, Charles Henry

1922 History of Oregon, volume 2. Pioneer Historical Publishing Company, Oregon.

Northwest Directories

Langley, Henry G.

1867 Pacific Coast Business Directory. Henry G. Langley, Publishers, San Francisco, CA.

Northwest Red-Light History




Sharpless, Megan

2008 Unity in Numbers: The Archaeology of the Demimonde (1840-1917). Senior thesis, Department of Archaeological Studies, University of Wisconsin.


Early Washington Women's History

Conditt, Sharon

2013 The Women of Home and Equality: Constructing Their Own Utopias in the Pacific Northwest. Master's thesis, Department of History, Washington State University, Pullman, WA.

Homestead History

Bureau of Land Management

2018 General Land Office Records. Accessed 2 May 2018.

Bureau of Land Management

2018 Land Status & Cadastral Survey Records. Accessed 2 May 2018.

Chappel, Jill A.

1990 Homestead Ranches of the Fort Rock Valley: Vernacular Building in the Oregon High Desert. Master's thesis, Interdisciplinary Studies Program, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.

Family Search

2018 United States Bureau of Land Management Tract Books, 1800-c.1955. Accessed 5 May 2018.

*Guide to the volumes by Township and Range. You'll need a Family Search account to access these.

Lundgren, Stacy J.

2006 Proving Up and Pulling Out: Archaeology and History of Early 20th-Century Homesteading in Southwestern Oregon. Master's thesis, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

Hensley, Marcia

2014 Staking Her Claim: Women Homesteading the West. High Plains Press, Glendo, Wyoming. 

Sims, Cort

2003 A Land Office Business: Homesteading in Northern Idaho. Accessed 2 May 2018.

Warnick, Jill Thorley

1985 Women Homesteaders in Utah, 1869-1934. Master's thesis, Department of History, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.

Washington History

Blankenship, Mrs. George E.

1914 Early History of Thurston County, Washington. Olympia, WA.

Meany, Edmond S.

1928 Origin of Washington Geographic Names. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.

Thurston County Historic Commission

1988 Postmarked Washington: Thurston County. Thurston County, Olympia, WA.

Thurston County Historic Commission

1992 Thurston County Place Names: A Heritage Guide. Capitol City Press, Olympia, WA.

Washington Pioneer Project

1937 Told by the Pioneers: Reminiscences of Pioneer Life in Washington. Olympia, WA.

Mining History

Kramer, George and Jill A. Hough

1999 Mining in Southwestern Oregon: A Historic Context Statement. Heritage Research Associates Report No. 234. Eugene, Oregon.

Brewing History

Ockerman, Megan Elisabeth

2017 "It's the Water": A History of the Olympia Brewing Company. Master's thesis, Department of History, Washington State University, Pullman, WA. Accessed 12 June 2018.

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